The youngest state in Europe, the Republic of Kosovo, with approx. 1.9 million inhabitants, counts among the poorest of the Balkan states. Many of the drinking water systems are over 30 years old and have been severely damaged and neglected during the past political unrest. Therefore, the Swiss Government, represented by the SDC (Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation), commissioned the working group CDI (Community Development Initiatives) and the Dorsch Gruppe, as an independent planning and engineering office, to ensure the general overhauling and improvement of the water supply and the wastewater systems. This large – scale project has entered the final phase, and it will be concluded in December 2020.
Since 2000, the Swiss Cooperation Office in Kosovo has been investing in the water sector, supporting the development and growth of water supply companies and, at the same time, ensuring that rural communities are supplied with clean water. This enabled Kosovo to achieve over 80% of their Millennium Development Goals by December last year. The country is also well on the way to reaching the UN sustainability goals in terms of water. Since 2000, the project has successfully connected over 600,000 households to the public drinking water supply grid. This large – scale project was divided into six phases; the current – and final – Phase VI serves as the “exit phase”, which aims to support all seven of the country’s water supply companies by boosting their capacity. During the earlier phases, the focus was on building up the infrastructure; now the main focus is on enabling the water supply companies to work successfully over the long term. The staff is being trained on site by means of training sessions and sharing best practice within the framework of pilot projects. Getting the remaining rural areas connected to the drinking water supply grid is also part of the focus. Added to this is the designation of water conservation areas, to protect certain areas from dangerous influences (e.g. pollution) and to reduce energy consumption and loss of water, e.g. through leaks in the pipelines.
Hand in hand for a sustainable supply of drinking water
The water supply companies are responsible for operating and maintaining the water supply and wastewater systems. Often, however, there is not sufficient qualified personnel on site, and there are not adequate financial resources to keep the local systems in long-term operation. Pilot projects on the spot help the water supply companies to deal with these themselves, for example by implementing joint programmes for the reduction of water losses, planning rehabilitation measures or implementing jointly developed operation and maintenance plans. Two water conservation areas were chosen and designated accordingly: before the close of the project, three more conservation areas will follow. In 23 pilot areas, water losses are being reduced through cooperation, is it by replacing derelict pipelines or introducing more efficient administration. In two additional regions, plans are being made for how energy losses could be reduced by over 5%, through comprehensive measures.
Lonza announced the completion of the divestment of its former Water Care business and operations to Platinum Equity for USD 630 million. The strategic agreement between both parties was already announced on 1 November 2018.
The company plans to re-invest parts of the proceeds of the Water Care disposal into the Healthcare Continuum and will continue to focus on deleveraging as has already been communicated. Earlier Lonza also announced the internal alignment of its business structure and a new Executive Committee member to further strengthen the company’s position along the Healthcare Continuum.
Handbook of Methods
Compact work of reference for photometry
There is something wrong with the concentration of nitrate in the drinking water. That much is sure. But nobody knows exactly, how and with which this suspicion can be confirmed. For this it only takes one touch or mouse click from now on. The new Lovibond Handbook of Methods turns the search for the right testing method in water analysis into a truly simple operation. It summarises everything which is necessary for reliable and fast test results at a glance.
After shortly turning pages, the new Handbook recommends not only, which instrument and which reagents is needed so that everybody can determine the wanted parameter. Also less experienced users arrive safely, if they follow the intuitive pictograms. The Handbook explains exactly, which cuvette is suitable for the test, how which powder or tablets have to be added to the sample, which disturbances possibly arise during the test, it gives further recommendations for the analysis and adds further literature. It is a reference book, which contains much more than a compendium of all current 161 Lovibond test methods.
Between more than 900 pages the user also finds practical work faciliation. The barcodes on each front page of the test method start automatically the right test recognition in the suitable instruments. So it is possible to start the appropriate test method directly and especially fast. For own work processes the users can collect the methods including barcodes individually, which simplifies a lot. The Spectrophotometers XD 7000 (154 methods) and XD 7500 (155 methods) are the first Lovibond instruments which maintain this user-friendly operating concept.
The corresponding order number for instruments, reagents and the necessary accessories are also added as practical supports to each Lovibond method. Cross-sensitivities and literature references are additional supplements. Who wants to acquaint with the basics of water analysis finds detailed information in an introduction chapter. A glossary completes the comprehensive reference.
The printed version weights 1,25 kilo. To whom this is too heavy can download the digital edition on the Lovibond homepage and get detailed information about each test method. Incidentally the base of the new Handbook of Methods is a new form of documentation for Lovibond products: Manuals and detailed descriptions of methods are from now on offered separately.