In order to better assess flood hazards, hazard maps should include historical data. This is what researchers at the CEDIM – Center for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) are advocating. CEDIM has presented a first report on the flood disaster in Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia. Regarding the role of climate change, the combination of more available water in the atmosphere and increasing persistence of large-scale weather patterns holds an increasing potential for extreme precipitation events.
Last week’s flood disaster claimed more than 170 lives in Germany (as of July 21, 2021). People are still missing. The damage to buildings and infrastructure can only be roughly determined and is in the double-digit billions – of which at least two billion euros alone for transport infrastructure. In the meantime, the German Insurance Association (GDV) has calculated the insured damage to buildings and infrastructure. (GDV) has estimated the insured damage at four to five billion euros in Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia alone. How did the floods, which mainly affected Rhineland-Palatinate and North Rhine-Westphalia, come about? How can flood hazards – especially rare, extreme events – be better estimated in advance? These are the questions that CEDIM’s Forensic Disaster Analysis (FDA) Group has been addressing, and it has produced its first report.
As the researchers explain, enormous amounts of precipitation led, for example, to the water level at the Ahr (Altenahr) significantly exceeding its previous record of 2016 (3.71 meters, discharge: 236 m³/s). However, due to flooding, the gauging station failed at a value of 5.05 meters (discharge: 332 m³/s). The Rhineland-Palatinate State Office for the Environment used model calculations to calculate a level of up to seven meters for the night of the catastrophe; based on this, the experts estimated a discharge of between 400 and 700 m³/s.
Several factors led to the extremely high precipitation totals
From a meteorological perspective, several factors led to the extremely high precipitation totals. In addition, the highly indented terrain of the affected regions, especially in the district of Ahrweiler, with partly deeply incised river valleys, increased the surface runoff. The already nearly saturated soil due to partly heavy precipitation in the preceding days further aggravated the situation.
“Within 48 hours, more rain fell in parts of North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate than usually falls there in the entire month of July; the majority even fell within only about ten hours.”
– Professor Michael Kunz, CEDIM Spokesperson
To estimate the flooded areas in the hardest-hit areas of Kreis Ahrweiler and Rhein-Erft-Kreis, the research team combined satellite data with aerial photos from (amateur) drones and helicopters, as well as photos from social media. According to these estimated flooded areas, there are just over 19,000 buildings in the affected areas with a value of around nine billion euros. Combined with empirical data from past flood disasters (infrastructure damage, natural hazards, and other damage), the researchers estimated total damage between eleven and 24 billion euros (first CEDIM estimate: July 21, 2021). It should be noted, however, that flooded areas represent only a portion of the total affected area.
More available water in the atmosphere and increasing persistence of large-scale weather patterns increase risk
According to the Karlsruhe disaster researchers, whether a single extreme event or the sequence of several extremes can already be attributed to climate change can neither be precisely proven nor completely denied, especially when it comes to events on short time and spatial scales that are strongly influenced by local factors. However, for the large-scale processes in the atmosphere that lead to the development of extreme events, the following is true: The combination of more available water in the atmosphere as a result of temperature increase and an increasing persistence of large-scale weather patterns with a tending northward shift of the jet stream, the strong wind band in the upper troposphere, has a high hazard potential. “As a positive trend is expected for these three factors, the potential for extreme precipitation events will also increase in the future,” Kunz explains.
Significant flood events in the Ahr Valley as early as 1804 and 1910
“There have already been two particularly significant flood events in the Ahr Valley in the past, in 1804 and 1910, but a comparison with historical records suggests that this year’s values should be classified lower than those of 1804,” says CEDIM deputy spokesperson Dr. James Daniell. For the 1804 flood event, the discharge was already estimated at about 1,100 m³/s by the University of Bonn. This year’s event may have been hydrologically similar in magnitude to the 1910 event with a discharge of 500 m³/s. “The current flood maps for the Ahr valley are currently based on discharge statistics with data since 1947, as homogeneous measurement series have been available since that time. However, this means that the two historical events have not yet been taken into account in the hazard assessment,” says Dr. Andreas Schäfer, lead author of the report. For example, the current estimate of a hundred-year flood as a design basis for flood protection for the Ahr River is 241 m³/s.
CEDIM’s FDA Group urges the inclusion of historical data in flood hazard maps, including data from before continuous measurement records, to better assess flood hazards. “Admittedly, when analyzing and interpreting the data, we must generally keep in mind that both infrastructures and flood protection measures have changed in recent years. As a result, it’s harder to compare readings directly, and we should focus less on water levels,” Daniell explains. “We can use gauge levels from 1804 and 1910 as indirect indicators to identify flood years. However, measured data on discharge, on trends over time, and on precipitation totals are more important for interpretation. Ultimately, however, both historical variables – gauges and discharge – should be included when developing hazard maps.”
Renewal of the agreement between Bologna Fiere and Ipack Ima
Pharmintech and IPACK-IMA together again in 2025
Wide audience success and quality of the technological offer proposed by international companies with the most innovative solutions for the life sciences industries: the last edition of PHARMINTECH, held from 3 rd to 6 th May 2022 at Fiera Milano, has overcome the expectations of exhibitors and operators and Gruppo Bologna Fiere and Ipack Ima Srl, announce the renewal of the agreement for the next two editions.
Therefore, the fruitful collaboration will re-propose the course of PHARMINTECH within the scope of IPACK-IMA, scheduled in Milan from 27th to 30th May 2025.
Confirmed also the role of Ipack Ima Srl as manager of the organizational secretariat of the event, thanks to the agreement that marked an innovation in the European exhibition scene.
“We are fully satisfied with this “test edition” which has given really interesting results in perspective and we are excited we can give continuity to this synergy.” – states Antonio Bruzzone General Director of BolognaFiere. “PHARMINTECH confirmed itself as a great opportunity of discussion between technology suppliers and operators of the chemical-pharmaceutical world, as well as a hub for innovation in a sector that fits well into the context of IPACK-IMA”.
As a statement of the success, the last edition data: 287 exhibitors, of which 31 percent foreign from 27 countries, showcased advances technologies in the packaging and processing field for the chemical-pharma sector to an audience of 8.733 specialized operators from 47 foreign countries, up 37percent compared to the past edition.
“I thank Bologna Fiere for the trust placed in Ipack Ima with the renewal of this collaboration” – declares Valerio Soli President of Ipack Ima Srl – “thanks to which we can give continuity to an innovative exhibiting project, that collects needs from exhibitors and visitors belonging to adjacent industrial sectors, so able to create synergies and opportunities for the whole industry, in a unique show of international relevance.”
Technological innovation, digitization and sustainability therefore will meet again at IPACK-IMA and PHARMINTECH, scheduled in Fiera Milano from 27th to 30th May 2025, in a unique context dedicated to the manufacturing industry and to specialization and technology transfer.
Cost savings through digital hydraulics service
The CytroConnect Solutions service offering from Bosch Rexroth helps recycling companies avoid high downtime costs or even contractual penalties. The customized packages of real-time monitoring, data-based analyses, and complementary spare parts management maintain the availability of hydraulic equipment such as scrap shears, shredders, and presses. At the same time, the intelligent combination of cutting-edge IoT technology and hydraulics expertise minimizes maintenance and extends machine life.
The reuse of raw materials is a permanent fixture in the economy. As part of the supply chain, however, it also leads to high deadline pressure and, not least, requires seamless availability of shredders, scrap shears and presses.
If hydraulically driven recycling machines such as shredders, scrap shears or presses fail, there is a threat of contractual penalties. If trucks, trains or ships have to wait for the load, the consequential costs quickly climb into five to six figures. Acute shortages of skilled workers and the simultaneous supervision of distributed sites cause unnecessary delays in maintenance. In addition, recycling companies lose service life, material and budget if they replace hydraulic parts on a fixed cycle as a precaution. Bosch Rexroth counteracts all these economic disadvantages and financial risks with the three service packages CytroConnect Monitor, Maintain and Predict.
Flat rate against failures at a fixed monthly price
Plant operators achieve the highest possible availability and service life of components with CytroConnect Predict. Using predictive analyses and detailed status reports, the experts make maintenance recommendations at such an early stage that the affected components can be replaced in a planned manner. This reduces the user’s previous maintenance effort by up to 50 percent. Complementary services such as complete spare parts management with guaranteed delivery within 24 hours further optimize availability. The service fees usually pay for themselves within a year, but depending on the application, they can also be recouped with a single avoided downtime, as the following real-life example shows:
Through predictive analytics and predictive maintenance of scrap shears, an international company with over 100 distributed yards can avoid high downtime costs. Previous downtime costs per case were around 600 euros, plus penalties of up to 100,000 euros per day if shiploads of steel bales did not leave for overseas on time. Wear on the shear is detected at an early stage on the basis of the pressure peaks and torques on the electric motors, so that the operator can replace the tool in a planned manner in the future. The far-flung maintenance staff is sustainably relieved and now needs less time for troubleshooting, maintenance, planning and spare parts procurement. In addition, monitoring saves electricity costs because the system avoids operation with increased energy consumption.
In another use case, a recycling company avoids unplanned shutdowns and subsequent costs through predictive analysis of waste shredders. The shredded waste has since been delivered on time again as fuel to a cement plant. Previously, frequent failures of hydraulic pumps and electric motors resulted in regular penalties and additional costs for temporary storage of the delivered waste. The maintenance department, which was suffering from a shortage of skilled workers, was relieved of this burden in the long term.
In addition to the all-inclusive CytroConnect Predict service, Bosch Rexroth also offers the basic CytroConnect Monitor package, which provides pure real-time monitoring with access to historical data from the last 24 hours. As an introduction to the topic of rule- and data-based analyses, Bosch Rexroth recommends the CytroConnect Maintain package. The service package monitors the condition of components in the background using predefined rules, warns of damage via push messages, and supports the continuous optimization of applications with regular performance and usage reports.
All three service packages already include the respective required dashboards and sensors. Recycling companies benefit quickly and easily from intelligent and sustainable failure protection.
Transparent and efficient processes with QM software
Focus on user-friendliness
Working with people requires a completely different understanding of quality than in the manufacturing industry. Social, communicative and interpersonal goals are in the foreground, but at the same time social institutions must also meet business and legal requirements. A well-structured quality management system supports social service providers such as Lebenshilfen, welfare associations, operators of day-care centers or operators of other social facilities.
ConSense’s software solutions stand for transparent, user-friendly quality management and integrated management systems. The software helps to make processes clearer and more efficient, to clearly define responsibilities and to fulfill documentation requirements. At the same time, the management system facilitates compliance with the standards and guidelines applicable to the respective facility. The ConSense software solutions have been developed with a special focus on user-friendliness and the mapping of realistic processes. Employees can navigate quickly and intuitively on the clear interface, and a comprehensive search function guides them directly to the desired content.
Software-supported quality management saves time
The QM software enables complete electronic QM documentation with automated, intelligent document control. Further automations, such as the targeted distribution of information, the request for notifications and the revision and archiving of documents, significantly reduce the administrative workload for employees. At the same time, the software offers integrated process management including a process editor for simple and fast process modeling. This simplifies the continuous improvement of processes and the transparency and clarity of documentation increase.
QM software for social institutions with many locations
Management system software solutions are suitable for organizations of all sizes. With a wide range of functions, interfaces and configuration options, they can be optimally adapted to the needs of the respective institution. The IMS ENTERPRISE solution, for example, is ideal for setting up an integrated management system in facilities with multiple locations or complex organizational structures. All applicable standards and regulations are systematically mapped under a uniform interface and compliance with specifications is supported.
In addition to the quality management standard DIN EN ISO 9001, many other standards or guidelines are also relevant in the social sector, such as DIN EN ISO 45001 (occupational health and safety), HACCP (hygiene concepts in relation to food), DIN EN ISO 15224 (quality management in healthcare), KQT (Cooperation for Transparency and Quality in Healthcare) and the AZAV regulation (Accreditation and Approval Regulation for Employment Promotion). An Integrated Management System helps to harmonize these and thus also makes it easier to meet the criteria for accreditations or certifications.
The solutions for QM systems and integrated management systems from the Aachen-based software developer can also be supplemented as required with modules, such as for measures management, audit management, training management and many more, and thus specifically tailored to the requirements of the organization.
Easy roll-out, mobile deployment
These software solutions can be rolled out quickly and flexibly within the company. The ConSense PORTAL is a web-based management system solution for which the company can also provide hosting. The web application simplifies and accelerates the roll-out compared to desktop applications. Since it can also be used on the move, it is particularly suitable for social institutions whose employees work with the system regardless of time and location.