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Current status of vaccine and program development



News, Pharmaceuticals, Processing Technologies

Defence, a publicly traded biotechnology company, is working to develop the next generation of vaccines, antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), ADC products and therapeutic procedures to fight cancer using its proprietary AccumTM platform. At the core of the Defence Therapeutics platform is AccumTM technology, which enables precise delivery of pharmacologically relevant proteins to target cells and increases intracellular accumulation to those target cells. As a result, improved efficiency and efficacy against serious diseases such as cancer and infectious diseases can be achieved. With four new patents filed last year, Defence’s technologies have an increasing intellectual property portfolio. Research activities conducted by Defence last year and plans for future clinical trials will continue.

Core technology development

The core of the Company’s technology research is based on overcoming a major and common challenge that limits the efficacy of both vaccines and antibody-drug conjugates (“ADCs”). When the target cell binds and internalizes an antigen or an ADC, the complex becomes entrapped within small intracellular vesicles called endosomes. Over time, these endosomes undergo a maturation process, causing them to degrade before they can perform their respective functions. The company’s goal is to use the enhancing AccumTM formulation to improve the intracellular transport of biologic therapeutic agents by triggering their escape to cytosols, thus improving their therapeutic effect.

Effective cellular vaccine design.

AccumTM technology is ideally suited for vaccines. More specifically, antigens normally taken up by dendritic cells (“DCs”) – the best antigen-presenting cells in our body – are first entrapped in endosomes. As these endosomal organelles mature, the pH decreases (i.e., it goes into the acidic range,⁓4-5) to trigger the activation of specific enzymes as a means of initiating nonspecific antigen degradation. As a result, the resulting fragments can then pass through the endosomal pores to the cytoplasm where specific antigen degradation occurs by the proteasomal mechanism. Although this process occurs naturally, the generated antigen fragments are often damaged, making them unsuitable for optimal immune stimulation. By using AccumTM technology, the ingested antigens are preserved in their natural state while being transported to the cytoplasm. Thus, proteasomal degradation leads to a higher number of immunogenic and stable peptides on the surface of DCs, which can trigger effective T-cell activation.

In research activities conducted by the company, it was found that adding Accum-bound antigens to allogeneic DCs (AccuVAC-D001) increases the therapeutic effect of the vaccine and achieves a survival rate of 70-80% (compared to the 0-20% achieved by current experimentally tested DC-based vaccines). Following the completion of this study, Defence has signed an agreement with a clean room provider in Canada to conduct trial runs with its DC vaccine. The goal is to complete all required GLP studies by the first quarter of 2022 and conduct a Phase I trial against melanoma in the UK by mid-2022.

Development of protein-based vaccines for infectious diseases (COVID and HPV).

In parallel, the company has already completed all preclinical activities related to its COVID-19 vaccines. The first vaccine (DTC-PT001) is an injectable delivery form boosted by an adjuvant approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The data obtained showed a strong and durable production of IgG titers (more than 16 weeks) and achieved high reactivity against all tested variants. Moreover, the immunogenicity of the vaccine was well comparable between rodent (mice) and non-rodent (rabbits) models. In addition, vaccination of hamsters (third model – GLP study) followed by virus exposure resulted in effective protection with no observed side effects.

The second vaccine formulation (DTC-IN003) is a vaccine that blocks transmission to stop infection (as opposed to a vaccine that lowers the pathophysiology of the virus). In this case, the vaccine is administered intranasally with a special adjuvant (designed for intranasal vaccination). This vaccine not only triggered the production of IgAs at the mucosal surfaces (where the virus invades), but systemic immunity was also observed, and the antibodies produced showed cross-reactivity with all variants tested. A GLP challenge study is currently underway, with final results expected in late December 2021.

Another infectious disease vaccine in development at Defence Therapeutics is AccuVAC-PT009 against human papillomavirus (HPV). This vaccine uses a mixture of L1 proteins (from different HPV strains) in combination with AccumTM. This involves testing for the ability to produce antibodies against the HPV virus. The effect of the AccuVAC-PT009 vaccine will be compared to the commercially available Gardasil-9 vaccine in terms of immunogenicity (prophylactic vaccine). In addition, Defence is working on a second HPV-related vaccine, but targeted against cervical cancer (AccuVAC-PT0067). The goal of this vaccine is to modify both E6 and E7 proteins to covalently bind AccumTM and then test the vaccine for its ability to treat previously identified cervical cancer. Results of the preclinical studies will be available in early 2022.

Effective design of ADCs

One challenge of ADCs is insufficient intracellular accumulation of the chemotherapeutic agent transported for effective tumor killing. Defence demonstrated that AccumTM technology increased the ability of the ADC Kadcyla (T-DM1) to specifically kill breast cancer cells. AccumTMimproved endosomal escape of the ADC Kadcyla while targeting the nucleus. Defence anticipates that AccumTM technology will enable it to increase T-DM1 efficacy. This will allow the treatment to overcome resistance mechanisms such as reducing the number of receptors on the cell surface (thereby limiting the efficacy and transport of T-DM1 within the cell). The company has entered into a strategic collaboration with two European institutions to further develop its Accum-ADCs platform.


Renewal of the agreement between Bologna Fiere and Ipack Ima
Pharmintech and IPACK-IMA together again in 2025



Wide audience success and quality of the technological offer proposed by international companies with the most innovative solutions for the life sciences industries: the last edition of PHARMINTECH, held from 3 rd to 6 th May 2022 at Fiera Milano, has overcome the expectations of exhibitors and operators and Gruppo Bologna Fiere and Ipack Ima Srl, announce the renewal of the agreement for the next two editions.

Therefore, the fruitful collaboration will re-propose the course of PHARMINTECH within the scope of IPACK-IMA, scheduled in Milan from 27th to 30th May 2025.

Confirmed also the role of Ipack Ima Srl as manager of the organizational secretariat of the event, thanks to the agreement that marked an innovation in the European exhibition scene.

We are fully satisfied with this “test edition” which has given really interesting results in perspective and we are excited we can give continuity to this synergy.” – states Antonio Bruzzone General Director of BolognaFiere. “PHARMINTECH confirmed itself as a great opportunity of discussion between technology suppliers and operators of the chemical-pharmaceutical world, as well as a hub for innovation in a sector that fits well into the context of IPACK-IMA”.

As a statement of the success, the last edition data: 287 exhibitors, of which 31 percent foreign from 27 countries, showcased advances technologies in the packaging and processing field for the chemical-pharma sector to an  audience of 8.733 specialized operators from 47 foreign countries, up 37percent compared to the past edition.

I thank Bologna Fiere for the trust placed in Ipack Ima with the renewal of this collaboration” – declares Valerio Soli President of Ipack Ima Srl – “thanks to which we can give continuity to an innovative exhibiting project, that collects needs from exhibitors and visitors belonging to adjacent industrial sectors, so able to create synergies and opportunities for the whole industry, in a unique show of international relevance.”


Technological innovation, digitization and sustainability therefore will meet again at IPACK-IMA and PHARMINTECH, scheduled in Fiera Milano from 27th to 30th  May 2025, in a unique context dedicated to the manufacturing industry and to specialization and technology transfer.


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News Operation & Maintenance Processing Technologies

Cost savings through digital hydraulics service



The CytroConnect Solutions service offering from Bosch Rexroth helps recycling companies avoid high downtime costs or even contractual penalties. The customized packages of real-time monitoring, data-based analyses, and complementary spare parts management maintain the availability of hydraulic equipment such as scrap shears, shredders, and presses. At the same time, the intelligent combination of cutting-edge IoT technology and hydraulics expertise minimizes maintenance and extends machine life.

The reuse of raw materials is a permanent fixture in the economy. As part of the supply chain, however, it also leads to high deadline pressure and, not least, requires seamless availability of shredders, scrap shears and presses.

If hydraulically driven recycling machines such as shredders, scrap shears or presses fail, there is a threat of contractual penalties. If trucks, trains or ships have to wait for the load, the consequential costs quickly climb into five to six figures. Acute shortages of skilled workers and the simultaneous supervision of distributed sites cause unnecessary delays in maintenance. In addition, recycling companies lose service life, material and budget if they replace hydraulic parts on a fixed cycle as a precaution. Bosch Rexroth counteracts all these economic disadvantages and financial risks with the three service packages CytroConnect Monitor, Maintain and Predict.

Flat rate against failures at a fixed monthly price

Plant operators achieve the highest possible availability and service life of components with CytroConnect Predict. Using predictive analyses and detailed status reports, the experts make maintenance recommendations at such an early stage that the affected components can be replaced in a planned manner. This reduces the user’s previous maintenance effort by up to 50 percent. Complementary services such as complete spare parts management with guaranteed delivery within 24 hours further optimize availability. The service fees usually pay for themselves within a year, but depending on the application, they can also be recouped with a single avoided downtime, as the following real-life example shows:

Through predictive analytics and predictive maintenance of scrap shears, an international company with over 100 distributed yards can avoid high downtime costs. Previous downtime costs per case were around 600 euros, plus penalties of up to 100,000 euros per day if shiploads of steel bales did not leave for overseas on time. Wear on the shear is detected at an early stage on the basis of the pressure peaks and torques on the electric motors, so that the operator can replace the tool in a planned manner in the future. The far-flung maintenance staff is sustainably relieved and now needs less time for troubleshooting, maintenance, planning and spare parts procurement. In addition, monitoring saves electricity costs because the system avoids operation with increased energy consumption.

In another use case, a recycling company avoids unplanned shutdowns and subsequent costs through predictive analysis of waste shredders. The shredded waste has since been delivered on time again as fuel to a cement plant. Previously, frequent failures of hydraulic pumps and electric motors resulted in regular penalties and additional costs for temporary storage of the delivered waste. The maintenance department, which was suffering from a shortage of skilled workers, was relieved of this burden in the long term.

In addition to the all-inclusive CytroConnect Predict service, Bosch Rexroth also offers the basic CytroConnect Monitor package, which provides pure real-time monitoring with access to historical data from the last 24 hours. As an introduction to the topic of rule- and data-based analyses, Bosch Rexroth recommends the CytroConnect Maintain package. The service package monitors the condition of components in the background using predefined rules, warns of damage via push messages, and supports the continuous optimization of applications with regular performance and usage reports.

All three service packages already include the respective required dashboards and sensors. Recycling companies benefit quickly and easily from intelligent and sustainable failure protection.

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News Operation & Maintenance Processing Technologies Quality Management

Transparent and efficient processes with QM software



Focus on user-friendliness 

Working with people requires a completely different understanding of quality than in the manufacturing industry. Social, communicative and interpersonal goals are in the foreground, but at the same time social institutions must also meet business and legal requirements. A well-structured quality management system supports social service providers such as Lebenshilfen, welfare associations, operators of day-care centers or operators of other social facilities.

ConSense’s software solutions stand for transparent, user-friendly quality management and integrated management systems. The software helps to make processes clearer and more efficient, to clearly define responsibilities and to fulfill documentation requirements. At the same time, the management system facilitates compliance with the standards and guidelines applicable to the respective facility. The ConSense software solutions have been developed with a special focus on user-friendliness and the mapping of realistic processes. Employees can navigate quickly and intuitively on the clear interface, and a comprehensive search function guides them directly to the desired content. 

Software-supported quality management saves time

The QM software enables complete electronic QM documentation with automated, intelligent document control. Further automations, such as the targeted distribution of information, the request for notifications and the revision and archiving of documents, significantly reduce the administrative workload for employees. At the same time, the software offers integrated process management including a process editor for simple and fast process modeling. This simplifies the continuous improvement of processes and the transparency and clarity of documentation increase. 

QM software for social institutions with many locations

Management system software solutions are suitable for organizations of all sizes. With a wide range of functions, interfaces and configuration options, they can be optimally adapted to the needs of the respective institution. The IMS ENTERPRISE solution, for example, is ideal for setting up an integrated management system in facilities with multiple locations or complex organizational structures. All applicable standards and regulations are systematically mapped under a uniform interface and compliance with specifications is supported.

In addition to the quality management standard DIN EN ISO 9001, many other standards or guidelines are also relevant in the social sector, such as DIN EN ISO 45001 (occupational health and safety), HACCP (hygiene concepts in relation to food), DIN EN ISO 15224 (quality management in healthcare), KQT (Cooperation for Transparency and Quality in Healthcare) and the AZAV regulation (Accreditation and Approval Regulation for Employment Promotion). An Integrated Management System helps to harmonize these and thus also makes it easier to meet the criteria for accreditations or certifications.

The solutions for QM systems and integrated management systems from the Aachen-based software developer can also be supplemented as required with modules, such as for measures management, audit management, training management and many more, and thus specifically tailored to the requirements of the organization.

Easy roll-out, mobile deployment

These software solutions can be rolled out quickly and flexibly within the company. The ConSense PORTAL is a web-based management system solution for which the company can also provide hosting. The web application simplifies and accelerates the roll-out compared to desktop applications. Since it can also be used on the move, it is particularly suitable for social institutions whose employees work with the system regardless of time and location.



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